Backache is commonplace, and everyone has been afflicted by the same at some or the other point of time in his life. Research has shown that nearly 80% of adults are afflicted by bouts of backache, at least once in their lifetime. And after common colds, backache is the most prevalent and commonly occurring ailment.
Another very significant fact about back pain is that it most frequently occurs in one’s lower back, lower back being the area that bears most of our bodyweight. In order to understand backache in a better way, it is very important to know about the anatomy of the back.
The back comprises of various interconnected structures, and these are our muscles, bones and joints, and also tendons and ligaments. The vertebra is the primary support structure in our spine, and is formed by 24 smaller bones, which are also known as the vertebrae. Towards the lower end of the spine are sacrum and coccyx, wherein the sacrum is attached towards the front to our pelvic bones.
In essence, backache is caused when one or more structures in the back are affected, and these could be bones, cartilage, muscles or even spinal cord.
In human beings, the posture is erect, and it has been created in a way such that we are able to withstand the gravitational force. But as a direct outcome of the erect posture, the back becomes more susceptible to wear and tear, strains or even fractures.
Flexibility in our backs enables mobility, and there are a host of factors which ensure flexibility. These include the structure of joints, muscle elasticity and also the fiber material which comprises the connective tissue, and is made up of collagen, elastin and titin.
In between each adjacent vertebra are the intervertebral or spinal discs, and while these enable flexibility and stability for the backbone, they act as shock absorbers and give strength to joints. The vertebrae are round bones through which the spine threads down, and these may be seen as a protective tunnel for the spine and spinal nerves. As these nerves run down the centre of the spine, they branch out and reach the various body parts.
The collagen fibers works towards ensuring that our body is able to successfully withstand the tension created due to our weight and erect posture. And correspondingly, while the intervertebral discs protect the spine, these keep the spine stable when we undertake any of the strenuous activities that put pressure on the spine, like running, jumping or lifting.
Back ache is most prevalent between the age group of 35 to 55, and the most common causes that lead to the condition are physical labor which involves iterative bending or twisting, lifting, pushing or pulling a load, or even static postures. Backache is very often associated with one’s everyday posture or ergonomics, and it may even be attributed to psychosocial factors, such as mental stress or cognitive dysfunction.
Symptoms of back pain vary from one individual to another. The pain is likely to leave by itself in some time, but it could at times be more severe. One might require specialized medical attention if the pain is severe, persistent or it radiates downs to one’s arms or feet.
The primary underlying cause of backache has been known to be the weight of the upper body on the lower back. The Decompression Belt successfully takes this weight off the lower back, so you feel light and comfortable. The posture improves, and the lower back decompresses, so the healing process speeds up.